A new deal has been agreed at the UN climate summit in Dubai after days of negotiations.
For the first time, the deal calls on all countries to move away from using fossil fuels – but not to phase them out, something many governments wanted
The text recognises the need for deep, rapid, and sustained reductions if humanity is to limit temperature rises to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels
The COP28 president said nations had “confronted realities and… set the world in the right direction”
Burning fossil fuels drives global warming, risking millions of lives. So far, governments have never collectively agreed to stop using them
Island nations hard-hit by climate change are critical – representative Samoa says they were “not in the room” when the deal was approved
Campaign groups also say the agreement doesn’t go far enough; Greenpeace says it won’t be possible to achieve the transition in a “fair and fast manner”